endobj These mechanics rely on (necessary) This article is an inquiry into the effects of formalization of informal settlements within a resilience thinking framework. • Rational urban development can be achieved only when it is both resilient and sustainable. CHILD-CENTRED URBAN RESILIENCE FRAMEWORK The Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework comprises four strategic areas. Contents 1.1 List of Abbreviations 5 RESILIENT CITIES FACING CLIMATE CHANGE. This innovative conceptual framework, as said at the opening of this post, was developed to understand the relationship between urban public spaces and resilience – to assess and map how public open spaces manage to respond to difference resilience challenges, thanks to … Helene is an urban resilience expert which an academic background in architecture and urban fields and further specialisation spanning from sustainable developement to resilience and disaster risk reduction. She joined UN-Habitat City Resilience Profiling Programme in 2013, based in Nairobi (Kenya), and, in 2015, she relocated to Barcelona (Spain). 2020. To learn more about a Dimension and its Drivers, click on a portion of the circle below. The framework integrates theoretical and empirical knowledge of the factors contributing to resilience with processes for translating those concepts into practice. European Urban Resilience Forum Since 2013, the European Urban Resilience Forum – driven by ICLEI Europe and the European Environment Agency – has offered a unique platform where city representatives and stakeholders from various local and regional institutions come together to exchange and discuss strategies and actions to adapt to climate change and build urban resilience. In this chapter I will review several different resilience assessment systems that either measure resilience performance (past incident and the urban system’s reaction in that) or resilience as competence (city’s perceived capability to adapt, recover and benefit of shocks). 3 0 obj 1. 100RC defines urban resilience as “the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience.”. Impervious surface area and water quantity were the main contributors to resilience change. Keywords Urban Development Urban Sprawl Urban System Spatial Dynamic Urban Policy These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Sustain Life in urban communities where children and youth lack adequate care. Abstract. It is an invaluable lens to help understand the complexity of cities, and it identifies a series of drivers necessary for a city’s resilience. Urban Resilience: Environmental Sustainability and Resilient Urban Development This Special Session will bring together high-level representatives from national and local governments, international financial institutions, private sector, and other stakeholder groups to discuss practical approaches to urban resilience. We also recommend you read the full text describing the City Resilience Framework here, which includes more detail as well as case studies that apply these concepts to city examples. Finally, just understanding the systems of a city isn’t sufficient. Impervious surface area and water quantity were the main contributors to resilience change. <>>> endobj The Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework comprises four strategic areas. 22. US Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology, Office of Applied Economics Engineering Laboratory NIST GCR, pp 10–930 Google Scholar In this section we describe the mechanics of the agent-based procedures that give the database a dynamic, multi-dimensional nature. They include: On the other hand, acute shocks are sudden, sharp events that threaten a city, including: Of course, the challenges cities face often aren’t a single shock or stress. The CRF provides a holistic articulation of city resilience, structured around four dimensions and 12 goals that are critical for the resilience of our cities. In this section we describe the mechanics of the agent-based procedures that give the database a dynamic, multi-dimensional nature. Additionally, urban resilience evaluation models integrate eleven characteristics: redundancy, robustness, connectivity, independence, efficiency, resources, diversity, adaptation, innovation, inclusion and integration. 1 Simulating Resilience: A General Framework The urban system is modeled as the outcome of interactions between agents and the environment (Fig 1). The City Resilience Framework. Urban Resilience chapter. Poverty and Vulnerability Reduction, Disaster Risk Reduction, and Climate Change Adaptation with a Human Development Focus (UNDP-IIHS Working Paper on Integrated Planning for Development) 2 . Overall, resilience degrades for the Urban Land–Water System from 2005 to 2010 to a relatively lower state with significantly increasing areas (from 62.88 to 281.50 km 2) of low‐value resilience. The Stationery Office, London (2004) Google Scholar. A rapidly growing number of global development actors, national governments and municipalities are adopting and implementing risk … Practices such as urban planning and design codes transform the urban form. Dev., 4 (4) (2012), pp. Sustain Life in urban communities where children and youth lack adequate care. Under the strategic areas are 12 interventions that can direct future action. Theoretical framework 2.1 Urban resilience The etymological roots of resilience are in the Latin word resilio, which means to recover Urban resilience means extending the concept of resilience from technical systems to social systems, particularly to cities, and their ability to recover and continue to provide their main functions of life, commerce, industry, government, and social gathering in the face of calamities and other hazards. Constructing framework for data informed decision-making for resilient cities Multi-stakeholder collaboration is imperative in resilience building initiatives. :^��?�X�������E��K �K!�M^_D����se,��T��$B6y!c$'ɮ�UA����e^+σNw�� �� @x�1��"�uY��ϫ�]�8;d��tM�*�?��EY�ۮPe�f�&]�g,QЌͺ�y�Mk�7D�,/Μ}ȦrD?������@|/�i��7M�`� �=B� ��n=#B?d&x�8Z4�T���cc��M��+˼�ػR�_!�(S�h���B�:ya�"�b�뼩/�����RޔyY�c�i�E]����;\���N�ɕ��!�Z s��3��+Ԭ�=/j�K���.�[>�0T��I��[�k\���d�*�ش��������_�OkԾ]{����@X��-�H?�P�߾]��=�^� T��=^!�) ���bg���q֭v�1FK�i�9QK�Wκ�nO��k����@��L�z��['�͌���؝�q$�\Z;���c��h��O~yU�^mt� V�"�fm7��F�'���/��C��="V�o��3�5L�]-/��0k�jf��r&f��f1�s�2��Eږ����n��& i�5Y��=�I�8���q�dّ�A�>���)IFL�a$�t����u&�$����0C�ܰC^�I�,�|l~�Ɉ��Oz��R�\yu��l�}����&�O�) The presentation will explain a framework to guide recovery and rebuilding efforts by local governments around the world, with an emphasis on urban economic resilience during and beyond the pandemic. We began with a survey of the existing literature on resilience and reached out to a diverse group of organizers, researchers, planners, and other urban change agents. Urban resilience has conventionally been defined as the "measurable ability of any urban system, with its inhabitants, to maintain continuity through all shocks and stresses, while positively adapting and transforming towards sustainability". The City Resilience Index (CRI) builds on extensive research undertaken by Arup to establish an accessible, evidence-based definition of urban resilience, which culminated in the City Resilience Framework (CRF) in April 2014. Clim. This paper, therefore, proposes a new definition of urban resilience. International policies (Sustainable Development Goals, Paris Agreement, New Urban Agenda and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction). Considering these topics, the aim of this work was to create a systematic approach and a clear view about urban resilience for building and strengthening cities against new disturbances. Each dimension contains three “drivers,” which reflect the actions cities can take to improve their resilience. The City Resilience Index (CRI) builds on extensive research undertaken by Arup to establish an accessible, evidence-based definition of urban resilience, which culminated in the City Resilience Framework (CRF) in April 2014. What are the characteristics and capacities of a city that can adapt and grow in the face of these challenges? <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The Sendai Framework is the successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters. �_]_�8'��kaE����Sơ]�n ������X���ė���̂��#;E�\���1K%��]��>/څq!yA�`�n�m���bV����g�GT�8�`~OcIl���:��=(Ӕu�/g�@�W��8�I&��l�>H"����8�+nۮ} �LP��#�����Ԩ&� �p�G��-��[Q.�Ep�����a��/b�,aM�Vƈ�6([�P���3��.Q��N�P�Ή�Va�&(���q4��( a{͐"������Ͻ?z��O)"����F���9� ��.x��ja"��0ׇ���]��ӂ�jW�8Gf��^G� ��B@��_0��>�{�$�J�B�ro� ز����y�b�O7!�s��} 2��c�џh���rĬ�v������E�M�%Jmw�a'd���q���\�(N��"x�@⮚bR����'a��" jt�`y�*a�|r�BT�yQ~�(��M��2���-��[X5�ך��nnCj���M���5U|�6'�oCa��;e�L����Y�U^����$�zJU��T�DM{�H �5��/9p�f�u��E G7�!HQ�u�wE��E1j�؇:��z~����A�բU�7� 5���Y֮�O���dْm]����3�\���'�t^���5b�wM�� Resilient Cities are better positioned to protect and enhance people's lives, se Formalization in this research includes the urban codes for regularization. Chronic stresses are slow moving disasters that weaken the fabric of a city. Renschler CS et al (2010) A framework for defining and measuring resilience at the community scale: the PEOPLES resilience framework. However, building urban resilience requires a more systematic and long-term approach – it is strategically deployed, based on the deep understanding of the city systems and transitions from reactive response to proactive adjustment. The issue is going up the agenda in fast-growing cities in emerging markets too, as well as at the national policy level. While the CRF isn’t a definition of urban resilience, it is a useful tool to help cities explore the strengths and weaknesses of its systems. At city level all sectorial and transversal topics exist and demand attention, therefore an urban resilience approach can be instrumental to link international agendas such as the Sendai Framework, the Paris Agreement, the Agenda 2030 and the New Urban Agenda. The Recovery and Resilience Facility (the Facility) will make €672.5 billion in loans and grants available to support reforms and investments undertaken by Member States. The hospital used in this study is a five-story reinforced concrete frame building which is 68m long, 45 m wide, and 18.9 m high (Figure 2). working with resilience frameworks to address the issue of vulnerability. The objects of study were 420 papers published in the Web of Science from 1998 to 2020. Since 2013, the European Urban Resilience Forum – driven by ICLEI Europe and the European Environment Agency – has offered a unique platform where city representatives and stakeholders from various local and regional institutions come together to exchange and discuss strategies and actions to adapt to climate change and build urban resilience. Extensive research and evaluation of cities’ experiences around the world revealed a common set of factors and systems that enhance a city’s ability to survive, adapt, and grow in the face of adversity. Under the strategic areas are 12 interventions that can direct future action. UN … But it wasn’t Hurricane Katrina alone that led to such a crisis in the city of New Orleans. The compounding pressure of these unaddressed stresses undermined the city’s resilience and, when a terrible shock hit the city, it exposed and exacerbated these weaknesses — ultimately making it far more difficult for the city to bounce back. UK Statutory Instruments, 2004. 700174. What distinguishes a resilient city from one that collapses in the face of disruption and adversity? �z�B Y 4@�����$��U�L6T� t}j$�t��{�C����1H�p�P�`_�f>v9a����O�V�VE���f�kq/�vsv��@�����:�?����6���$ec*drIX0�=N��̅�8V�[Z�%�.� 8ހ.ʄ��Ѽt�G��30�/�k6e�IQ�K�꽳.2 27>�XD������ʥ\h�>�8�I]{��B�LfF�.Q��&�`��n�C�#U��Y�E�S�I�6tb�}���)U�bC��z�E���#���X͉�K:��0x��.) Urban areas harbor over half the world’s population with high concentrations of critical infrastructure. 5, therefore, we conclude with four kinds of urban development - RU, SU, URU and USU - representing resilient urban, sustainable urban, un-resilient urban and unsustainable development respectively. operating urban spaces. <> There is mounting international concern about how to address the implications of climate change for urban areas, particularly in developing countries, where cities are growing rapidly and a high proportion of urban populations are poor or otherwise vulnerable to climate-related disruptions (Balk et al., 2009; … ;��. 4 0 obj The basis of urban resilience science, and the development of resilience research in different disciplinary contexts. It is a collection of latest research results from two separate but collaborating research groups, namely, researchers in urban design and those on general resilience theory. Hospital Description. The framework ends with the computed resilience level, and the resilience index [] adopted herein is expressed as is the control time interested and is the time when the event happens.3. India’s Ministry for Housing and Urban Affairs, for example, recently launched the Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework, which aims to provide a clear roadmap for cities towards combating climate change. Community resilience is a key index for describing the response of human habitat systems to hazards. Urban resilience: A framework for empowering cities in face of heterogeneous risk factors 39 urban development model and, namely, push scholars to develop new scenarios for cities – often designed only for cars – aimed at reducing their dependence on a limited resource as oil (Hopkins, 2008). Next, a supplementary chapter (that will be added to the existing Resilience Handbook) will be developed with both the case studies and guidance on building community resilience in urban contexts. This is … Urban resilience is the capacity of a city’s systems, businesses, institutions, communities, and individuals to survive, adapt, and grow, no matter what chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience. Most cities face a combination of these challenges, which can contribute to further threatening a city’s resilience. The Rockefeller Foundation’s work on the Resilience Dividend, Accessibility Design 101: Color Contrast Considerations for UX Designers, How to Get Started in Product Design (With No Experience), overtaxed or inefficient public transportation system. �Uxqw�����7.u���j���!����\aʛ� i����)�yMx�ϴĿ[l@;m��5�.��S��c��S�q�2o� /L���)i�E� �±��a"|�a�up�Ke��ޢ��o�[�L���A0�yR���+J��[maW�"�Q["��9ұ As the toll from extreme events continues to mount, there is an urgent need for convergence science and transformative frameworks that enhance the resilience of cities. … Urban resilience can also be divided in five dimensions: natural, economic, social, physical and institutional. The Urban Resilience session was facilitated by UNDP Programme Specialist Julie Teng, from the joint UNDP-FAO Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Programme (NAP-Ag), funded through the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. For this reason, the city resilience approach that UN-Habitat has developed is based on the social aspects and governance capacity (or lack of) in cities. Conceptual framework and Urban Economic Resilience Introduction (15 min) — COVID-19 has highlighted the need to make cities more economically resilient. The CRF builds on decades of research on resilient systems, and identifies 7 characteristics that various city systems need. x��i������~$��\��.�&=�E��zW�-���n����cf8#�����Z3�7�&����7�|��ݛ�Iqs�ܾ�Kn�>��k��:y���3��Hj�xT �x����"�ǟ�=�.M�&o���+�����.I��og��$m���"L2i�BT�U.%! Overall, resilience degrades for the Urban Land–Water System from 2005 to 2010 to a relatively lower state with significantly increasing areas (from 62.88 to 281.50 km2) of low‐value resilience. Its intent is to provide an over-arching framework in %PDF-1.5 The framework includes characteristics of urban systems, the agents (people and organizations) that depend on and manage those systems, institutions that link systems and agents, and patterns of exposure to climate change. UK Statutory InstrumentsEnvironmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004. poor and vulnerable, businesses, coastal) to survive and thrive multiple shocks and stresses.” To help answer those questions, Island Press launched the Urban Resilience Project (URP) in 2013, with support from The Kresge Foundation and The JPB Foundation. The RUCRI programme is designed to complement ongoing initiatives towards strengthening urban resilience. stream Urban Resilience: Environmental Sustainability and Resilient Urban Development This Special Session will bring together high-level representatives from national and local governments, international financial institutions, private sector, and other stakeholder groups to discuss practical approaches to urban resilience. The Rockefeller Foundation partnered with the global design firm Arup to answer those questions. ��zB8�G�j�jR흓��&D���'nx�1��Mԯ5�,�r�@.��J��Q$/���S��ʆ�lG�d���DZϻ��0��kL>��]1L�"�ML2��>k�����&j~��W�Z���q�w$�w��i˓J�Si��:v����\����mfi����@��e��H�s8EF��X�"WNJ�����K�����nA:�~�2�a�閚ebMW��:����u�ނb��ƛأ���9w�oIuџ�����f�����m��;[V�Q���bHg�G S. Tyler, M. MoenchA framework for urban climate resilience. There should be a specific section included on the role of young people (as well as women’s local leadership) included. 100RC defines urban resilience as “the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and … Four kinds of urban development are examined based on the framework. From why to how It is based on the premise that urban resilience creates an opportunity to address long-standing poverty and equity issues, including gender inequality and other forms of social injustice. Photo: Abigail Keenan L r t e o i A e n o r d e M v a e k l f o r h i d e n a m a m r v o e D s n f i l i i u a d r y c a d o c b p n c h i i T T E The Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework (CCURF) was developed to assist the work of these organisations to build resilience in cities in support of children. This paper aims to provide a better understanding of the state of knowledge on urban resilience assessment through mapping the knowledge domain and highlighting emerging trends during different periods. ��%s̯��[C{[���d�3 o�S����ލ�h�O�Y�w�w+2�+���s{�DĦ�ۮ]���ƕ��[��z��IiѾ/��SJsd�6��L�=��1��\��[��g���qb��,Z�BC1�$���-�i�r�I\kr��OM�Nb����Rp:��SPe�K�m��`���.䦎�Fq�&L*ob|�6���N!sڪE}�o����<05�A���Ak�^D����c��h�9n�g��,�y��([A}�,*�i�nTA��� The literature on urban resilience assessment has grown rapidly over the past two decades. City Resilience Framework - The Rockefeller Foundation Arup 1 Foreword In 1958, Jane Jacobs, a community activist, ... urban resilience in a measurable, evidence-based and accessible way that can inform urban planning, practice, and investment patterns which better enable Solution IV: In urban planning, building resilience entails investing in multiple and alternative connections, i.e. Cities face a growing range of adversities and challenges in the 21st century. The past literatures have studied both ‘urban resilience (UR)’ and ‘urban sustainability (US)’ in terms of the dual character - vulnerability and pertinacity - of cities. A/y�Ƕݢ�V�#3=s�v'�'�����rcB!�[�K�i���>—�tױ��#�۶�9��N���v�m�7C� ��.⓺9H��>ѹ�u�k�[ 1��a��Y؜��!�P�=DW���߭���n��:�q̉���'���9�������o1j~$I?�>ɵ(R�����1?e. Building urban resilience requires looking at a city holistically: understanding the systems that make up the city and the interdependencies and risks they may face. MERCY CORPS Urban Resilience Measurement: An Approach Guide and Training Curriculum A 3 Contents Introduction 4 Goals and Objectives 6 Training Agenda 7 SESSION 1: CONCEPTUALIZING URBAN RESILIENCE 8 Session 1.1: Conceptualizing Resilience – A Framework 8 Session 1.2: Applying Resilience to Urban Spaces 10 The objective of diagnosing urban systems’ capacities is meaningless if the exercise doesn’t go hand in hand with an effort to understand humanity, in this case the inhabitants of the city. U݀��B^]��x� The Annual Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation Launched in 2010, Resilient Cities is the global platform for urban resilience and climate change adaptation, hosted every year in Bonn, Germany. 2 0 obj The Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework comprises four strategic areas. URBAN RESILIENCE AND WATER DISASTERS: A FUTURE ROLE FOR THE WORLD WATER COUNCIL s per its current triannual strategy, the World Water Council (hereafter, the Council) stands before a critical opportunity to engage in urban resilience and water disasters. Manuel Araujo, Mayor of the City of Quelimane in Mozambique, outlined the city’s … The CRF describes the essential systems of a city in terms of four dimensions: Health & Wellbeing; Economy & Society; Infrastructure & Environment; and Leadership & Strategy. This project has recived funding from European Comission by means of Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, under Grant Agreement no. In the absence of an institutional process to benchmark and track urban resilience aims, IEG developed a two- part framework for assessing resilience at the operations and system level: First, the evaluation benchmarked the integration of resilience characteristics in the design of urban … Security and resilience — Urban resilience — Framework and principles. Therefore, a resilient city is one that assesses, plans and acts to prepare for and respond to hazards - natural and human-made, sudden and slow-onset, expected and unexpected. A good example of this is Hurricane Katrina, which hit the southeastern U.S. in 2005 with devastating consequences. At city level all sectorial and transversal topics exist and demand attention, therefore an urban resilience approach can be instrumental to link international agendas such as the Sendai Framework, the Paris Agreement, the Agenda 2030 and the New Urban Agenda. Resilience is a solution for dealing with uncertainty and adaptation in complex developments. A resilient city is one that assesses, plans and acts to prepare for and respond to all hazards, both sudden and slow-onset, expected or unexpected. It was concluded that urban resilience is based on four basic pillars: resisting, recovering, adapting and transforming. Locally, NARRI is on the shift from original HYOGO framework to SENDAI framework. To learn more about how building resilience helps cities become better in both good times and bad — for all citizens — review The Rockefeller Foundation’s work on the Resilience Dividend. Main menu. Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework: a tool for inclusive city planning Plan International and Arup developed the Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework to involve vulnerable groups in planning processes. “By April 2014, to articulate urban resilience in a measurable, evidence-based and accessible way that can inform urban planning, practice, and investment patterns which better enable urban communities (e.g. Rational urban development, it is argued, can be achieved only when it is both resilient and sustainable. Urban resilience is the capacity of a city’s systems, businesses, institutions, communities, and individuals to survive, adapt, and grow, no matter what chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience. Share. %���� <> Today, data is being generated by urban stakeholders including but not limited to urban local bodies. Fig. Buy this standard Abstract Preview. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Evaluating and enhancing the community resilience requires indicators, identification, and quantitative measurements, especially for urban flooding management. Applying a resilience lens leads to better designed projects and policies that address multiple challenges at one time, improving services and saving resources. Each system contributes to the overall resilience or vulnerability of the community. 100RC uses several diagnostic tools based on the CRF in its work with cities to examine interdependencies and diagnose where to build their capacities. According to the working definition adopted by the CWRF, urban water resilience is “the capacity of the urban water system, including the human, social, political, economic, physical and natural assets, to anticipate and absorb, adapt and respond to, and learn from shocks and stresses, in order to protect public health & wellbeing and the natural environment and minimize economic disruption”. This innovative conceptual framework, as said at the opening of this post, was developed to understand the relationship between urban public spaces and resilience – to assess and map how public open spaces manage to respond to difference resilience challenges, thanks to their design or processes hosted. Introduction – the need for an urban climate resilience framework. This book is on urban resilience – how to design and operate cities that can withstand major threats such as natural disasters and economic downturns and how to recover from them. redundancy, in governance and institutions at the local scale and at the global scale engaging in collaboration in systems of cities to create a framework that manages resource chains for sustainability through resilience. The framework guides organisations to design, plan and implement community resilience activities in urban settings. In order to build a city’s resilience, those systems must be designed and functioning in a way that they can withstand, respond to, and adapt more readily to shocks and stresses. The City Resilience Framework (CRF) is the product of that work. From the effects of climate change to growing migrant populations to inadequate infrastructure to pandemics to cyber-attacks. 311-326, 10.1080/17565529.2012.745389. A Framework of Urban Resilience Planning . By strengthening the underlying fabric of a city and better understanding the potential shocks and stresses it may face, a city can improve its development trajectory and the well-being of its citizens. THE GLOBAL REPORT ON URBAN RESILIENCE CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. In this respect this chapter aims to provide an umbrella conceptual framework for the relationship between spatial change and resilience. By doing so, cities are better able to protect and enhance people’s lives, secure development gains, foster an investible environment and drive positive change. These mechanics rely on (necessary) simplifying assumptions. UN-Habitat, 2003. Urban resilience; RESCCUE project ; news & events; Blog; Urban resilience, the key to the future of cities . It will outline key drivers … endobj The storm’s impact was exacerbated by stresses like institutional racism, violence, divestment and aging infrastructure, poverty, lack of macroeconomic transformation, environmental degradation, and other chronic challenges. Urban resilience through the ICLEI lens ... dai Framework, local and regional gov - ernments have now a central role as partners to nations to achieve various sustainability and resilience targets set by the international community. 1 Simulating Resilience: A General Framework The urban system is modeled as the outcome of interactions between agents and the environment (Fig 1). The ICOR Resilient Community Framework asserts that there are five primary systems upon which each community functions no matter its size. RESILIENCE AND RISK In our 2019 report, The business case for resilience , we explored the challenge of bringing resilience investments higher up the agenda for cities and recommended using financial modeling tools and resilient index frameworks to articulate the economic and societal benefits and demonstrate the potential Humanitarian, developmental, human rights, and local actors must adopt urban resilience as a common framework to align their shared goals and work together to build more sustainable, inclusive, and resilient cities. The Urban Resilience Framework (URF) has been developed by Arup and ISET based on research, academic reference and their experiences as practitioners; including their collaboration on the Rockefeller Foundations’ Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network. 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